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William Badger - History

William Badger - History



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William Badger

(Whaler: t. 334; 1. 106'0"; b. 26'0", dph. 13'3", a 1 32-pdr.)

William Badger—a wooden-hulled whaling ship— was purchased by the Navy on 18 May 1861 from Henry F. Thomas, at New Bedford, Mass. Assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, William Badger served as a stationary supply ship at Hampton Roads, VA., into the summer of 1862. Late in July William Badger—laden with a "goodly supply of provisions, clothing, and stores" for the ships of the Union Navy maintaining the blockade off Confederate-held Wilmington, N.C.—was towed by the steamer State of Georgia to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron base at Beaufort, N.C. She remained there as a supply hulk for the remainder of the Civil War and, on occasion, served as an accommodations vessel.

Sold at auction at Beaufort on 17 October 1865 to a Capt. James Abel, William Badger may have been broken up shortly thereafter, as she is not carried on mercantile lists in succeeding years.


William Badger

William Badger (January 13, 1779 – September 21, 1852) was an American manufacturer and mill owner from Gilmanton, New Hampshire. He served in both houses of the New Hampshire state legislature and was elected Governor of New Hampshire for two terms.

Badger was born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire. [1] Educated at common school and at Gilmanton Academy, Badger worked after his school years to build a cotton cloth factory, a saw mill and a grist mill for his town. In 1804 Badger was made a trustee of Gilmanton Academy he ultimately became president of the board for the school.

Badger served as an aide to John Langdon (Governor four different times, including 1805 to 1809). In 1810, Badger was elected to the first of three consecutive terms as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives (1810–1812) then he served three terms in the New Hampshire Senate (1814–1817) where he served as President of the Senate in 1816–1817. Badger served as Associate Justice, Court of Common Pleas (1816–1820), and as High Sheriff of Strafford County, New Hampshire (1820–1830). He was a Presidential Elector in the national elections of 1824, 1836 and 1844.

In 1834, Badger won the gubernatorial election, and he won the next term as well. As Governor, Badger called for eliminating capital punishment, a new idea for New Hampshire. He also had to deal with the breakaway Indian Stream Republic. Badger encouraged the legislature to support President Andrew Jackson's successful efforts to do away with the Second Bank of the United States (helping to bring on the Panic of 1837). Badger tried to inject new life into the state militia by statute he also was interested in bringing smallpox prevention directly to the state's small farming towns.

Additional Information on William Badger from: Publications – A Guide to Likenesses of New Hampshire Officials and Governors on Public Display at the Legislative Office Building and the State House Concord, New Hampshire, to 1998 Compiled by Russell Bastedo, New Hampshire State Curator, 1998


Contents

James Felix Bridger was born on March 17, 1804, in Richmond, Virginia. [5] His parents were James Bridger, an innkeeper in Richmond, and his wife Chloe. [5] About 1812, the family moved near St. Louis at the eastern edge of America's vast new western frontier. [5] At age 13, Bridger was orphaned he had no formal education, was unable to read or write, and was apprenticed to a blacksmith. [6] He was illiterate the whole of his life. [6] On March 20, 1822, at age 18, he left his apprenticeship after responding to an advertisement in a St. Louis newspaper, the Missouri Republican, and joined General William Henry Ashley's fur trapping expedition to the upper Missouri River. The party included Jedediah Smith and many others who would later become famous mountain men. [5] For the next 20 years, he repeatedly traversed the continental interior between the Canada–U.S. border and the southern boundary of present-day Colorado, and from the Missouri River westward to Idaho and Utah, either as an employee of or a partner in the fur trade. [5]

Hugh Glass ordeal Edit

The account of the bear attack and subsequent desertion of Hugh Glass has been repeated by many, but it is of dubious origin that Jim Bridger was involved at all. [7] Bridger was employed by Ashley's at the time of the attack near the forks of the Grand River in present-day Perkins County, South Dakota. John Fitzgerald and a man known as 'Bridges' stayed, waiting for him to die, as the rest of the party moved on. They began digging Glass's grave. Claiming they were interrupted by an Arikara attack, the pair grabbed Glass's rifle, knife, and other equipment and took flight. Bridges and Fitzgerald later caught up with the party and incorrectly reported to Ashley that Glass had died. [8] It is plausible but unlikely that 'Bridges' was in fact Jim Bridger.

Yellowstone and the Great Salt Lake Edit

Bridger was among the first mountain men to explore the natural wonders of the Yellowstone region. In the fall of 1824, Bridger explored the Great Salt Lake region, reaching it by bull boat. [4] : 64,95,108,132 [9] He was one of the first people to explore Yellowstone’s springs and geysers. Jim also shared that the creek split into two, one side went to the Pacific Ocean and the other side the Atlantic Ocean. Jim Bridger took a raft on the rapids at Big Horn River, he was the only man to do this. [10]

In 1843, Bridger and Louis Vasquez established Fort Bridger on the Blacks Fork of the Green River along the Oregon Trail. [4] : 153

Bridger had explored, trapped, hunted and blazed new trails in the West since 1822 and later worked as a wilderness guide in these areas. He could reportedly assess any wagon train or group, their interests in travel, and give them expert advice on any and all aspects of heading West, over any and all trails, and to any destination the party had in mind, if the leaders sought his advice. In 1846, the Donner Party came to Fort Bridger and were assured by Bridger and Vasquez that Lansford Hastings' proposed shortcut ahead was "a fine, level road, with plenty of water and grass, with the exception before stated (a forty-mile waterless stretch)." The 40-mile stretch was in fact 80 miles, and the "fine level road" was difficult enough to slow the Donner Party, who become trapped in the Sierra Nevada in the winter. [11]

From 16 July 1857 until July 1858, Bridger was employed as a guide during the Utah War. In 1859, Bridger was paid to be the chief guide on the Yellowstone-bound Raynolds Expedition, led by Captain William F. Raynolds. [12] Though unsuccessful in reaching Yellowstone, because of deep snow, the expedition explored Jackson Hole and Pierre's Hole. In 1861, Bridger served as a guide for Edward L. Berthoud. From October 1863 until April 1864, Bridger was employed as a guide at Fort Laramie. [4] : 199–206,208,215

Bridger then served as a scout under Colonel Henry B. Carrington during Red Cloud's War. Bridger was stationed at Fort Phil Kearny during the Fetterman Massacre, and the Wagon Box Fight. Bridger was discharged on 21 July 1868. [4] : 246–295

Suffering from goiter and rheumatism, Bridger returned to Missouri in 1868. He was unsuccessful in collecting back rent from the government for lease on Fort Bridger. By 1875, he was blind. [4] : 297–300

Bridger Pass and the Bridger Trail Edit

In 1850, while guiding the Stansbury Expedition on its return from Utah, Bridger discovered what would eventually become known as Bridger Pass, an alternate overland route which bypassed South Pass and shortened the Oregon Trail by 61 miles. Bridger Pass, in what is now south-central Wyoming, would later become the chosen route across the Continental Divide, for the Overland Stage, Pony Express, the Union Pacific Railroad Overland Route, and Interstate 80. [4] : 167 [13]

In 1864, Bridger blazed the Bridger Trail, an alternative route from Wyoming to the gold fields of Montana that avoided the dangerous Bozeman Trail. In 1865, he served as Chief of Scouts during the Powder River Expedition. [4] : 218–220

In 1835, Bridger married a woman [14] from the Flathead tribe that he named "Emma", with whom he had three children. After her death in 1846 from fever, he married the daughter of a Shoshone chief, who died in childbirth three years later. In 1850, he married Shoshone Chief Washakie's daughter, Mary Washakie Bridger [15] and they raised two children. Some of his children were sent back east to be educated. His firstborn Mary Ann was killed by a band of aborigines while being tutored. His son Felix, who fought with the Missouri Artillery, died of sickness on Bridger's farm. His daughter Josephine, who married Jim Baker, also died, leaving his daughter Virginia as his only living child. [16]

Bridger died on his farm near Kansas City, Missouri, on July 17, 1881, at age 77. [4] : 299–300


Company-Histories.com

Address:
4545 West Brown Deer Road
P. O. Box 23099
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53223-0099
U.S.A.

Statistics:

Public Company
Incorporated: 1905
Employees: 940
Sales: $116 million (1996)
Stock Exchanges: American
SICs: 3824 Water & Gas Meters 3823 Industrial Process Control Flow Meters & Instruments 7389 Remote Meter Readers 3491 Industrial Valves 3492 Control Valves

Company Perspectives:

Badger Meter, Inc., an independent company, will grow as a leading worldwide marketer and manufacturer of flow measurement and control products. Through the use of new technologies and product development, dedication to our customers and employees, commitment to improvement and innovation, we will continuously pursue superior performance in customer service, quality, and financial results.

Badger Meter, Inc. was born on the afternoon of March 8, 1905, when four Milwaukee businessmen incorporated the Badger Meter Manufacturing Company to fabricate frost-proof water meters for measuring water consumption in Midwestern homes. Badger's innovation was a meter with a soft, replaceable cast-iron bottom plate that ruptured when the water in the meter froze, thus relieving pressure on the meter and safeguarding its mechanical parts. Since frozen water pipes were an all too common occurrence in Wisconsin's bitter winters, Badger found a ready market and by 1910 was selling close to 3,700 eight-dollar meters a year. Under cofounder and now president John Leach, Badger initially operated out of a two-story machine shop in Milwaukee's downtown under the motto "Accuracy Durability Simplicity Capacity."

"Measuring the Water of the World": 1905--38

Within 13 years of its founding, Badger's annual production had climbed to 10,000 meters and it had expanded into bronze as well as cast iron and had added disc, turbine, and compound water meters to its line. With only 12 employees, Badger was forced to stay flexible to meet surges in demand. When an order for 200 or more meters came in, the entire company pulled weekend shifts, stopping only for a lunchtime "pail" of beer and a free dinner on Leach's tab at the end of the day. In 1919 Badger moved to a new facility that included the company's first foundry. Now able to fabricate its own metal components, Badger was soon taking on job shop work for other Milwaukee manufacturers, including bronze castings for A. O. Smith Corporation and auto hubs and fingers for Milwaukee Automotive Supply. A year later it transformed itself into a national company by appointing sales agents for Chicago, Kansas City, Brooklyn, Denver, and Portland.

In 1924 Leach was replaced as president by Charles Wright, who would guide the company for the next three decades. In the Roaring Twenties, Badger's business boomed as U.S. municipalities made expensive upgrades of their water department equipment. In 1925, for example, the City of Chicago signed a mammoth deal with Badger to produce 400 meters a day. Buoyed by such orders, Badger's earnings averaged almost $100,000 a year between 1924 and 1929, and before the Great Stock Market Crash of 1929, it declared a 300 percent stock dividend on its ample $365,000 surplus. Like many American companies, the Great Depression devastated Badger's business, forcing it to lower prices to maintain sales levels. Meters that sold for $7.75 in 1922 were discounted to $5 in 1932, and the average hourly wages of Badger's workers were almost halved, from 64 cents to 33 cents an hour. Badger extended long-term credit to its customers, slashed its workforce, and by 1937 was forced to ask its stockholders to relinquish the $165,000 in unpaid dividends still owed them.

On the brink of insolvency, the company was saved only by an order for 30,000 water meters from the government of Mexico City in 1933. In 1937, Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal gave a further boost to Badger's recovery by granting U.S. municipalities funds to install new water works. With steady sales to customers in Central and South America, by 1937 Badger's workforce, which had unionized the year before, had climbed to more than 200. Badger's worst days were behind it.

Bomb Fuses for the War Effort: 1939--51

In 1939 Badger moved to solidify its business by expanding from water meters to grease and oil gun meters, which were used to measure the amount of motor oil and lubrication consumed in U.S. service stations. With America's entry into World War II, Badger Meter was conscripted by the federal government to apply its skills in manufacturing the clocklike mechanisms inside its water meters to the fabrication of bomb fuses. Fuse production--seven million in all were made--soon accounted for 95 percent of its total output, and in the space of a few months in 1942 Badger's employment more than doubled to 550. Like many U.S. companies during the war years, women came to comprise an ever larger portion of Badger's workforce, and the blue, all-cotton dresses they wore to prevent the buildup of static around the electrically sensitive fuses soon earned them the nickname Badger's "blue belles."

Despite the incredible growth brought on by the war, Badger's physical manufacturing plant entered the postwar period uncomfortably ill-equipped. When President Wright's sons returned from the war to learn their father's trade they found a company with no research function, no tool shop, and an antiquated machine room that relied on a single motor to power all the plant's machines. What is more, Badger was spending its money inefficiently. Rather than make the registers for its meters in house, it paid an outside firm to produce them, and by the late 1940s was also paying out $120,000 a year to an outside machine shop to make its tools and dies.

While Badger had been churning out bomb fuses, the American residential market's need for new water meters had been put on hold. Because of that pent-up demand and the housing boom unleashed by the demobilization of America's armed forces, Badger's sales vaulted forward in the late 1940s and 1950s. In 1946 it further diversified its product line by introducing the GMOP meter, a grease and oil-measuring meter that soon became the standard for U.S. makers of lubricating equipment. The outbreak of the Korean War in 1950 returned Badger to the bomb fuse-making business, which it continued to participate in until--21 million fuses later--it abandoned the munitions business for good in 1960.

Diversification Under James Wright: 1952--59

When Charles Wright died in 1952, his son James became Badger's third president and promptly began stepping up Badger's product diversification. He created the company's first new product R&D and testing department in 1953 and added new products through the acquisition of other companies throughout the 1950s. In 1954, for example, Badger acquired Precision Products of Oklahoma, a manufacturer of detonating mechanisms for the oil industry and timing components for parking meters and other instruments. Three years later it bought Counter and Control Corporation (CCC) of Milwaukee, a producer of electromechanical devices for counting shaft revolutions, lever strokes, and electrical impulses. In 1961, Wright merged Precision and CCC to form a Tulsa-based subsidiary named Precon. Finally, in 1958 Badger acquired Measure-Rite Inc. of California, a maker of propeller-driven flow and irrigation meters, which became a new Badger division.

In 1954 Wright had built a new state-of-the-art nonferrous foundry in Fall River, Wisconsin, 70 miles west of Milwaukee, that he hoped would further diversify Badger's business by enabling it to take on other manufacturers' machining jobs. Badger's wartime experience mass producing bomb fuses for the government did not translate to the commercial market, however. Rather than the large-run orders of a few parts that Wright had expected, Fall River was inundated with short-run orders for an enormous variety of products, which it was unable to juggle profitably. Moreover, to grow Fall River had to sell to Badger's competitors, who were unexcited by the prospect of enriching the subsidiary of an archrival. In 1959, Wright therefore sold Fall River to a group led by his brother William, enabling the facility to pursue new business while continuing to supply Badger with most of the castings it would use for the next four decades.

The South and Central American marketplace that had rescued Badger in the Depression years had virtually vanished in the years that followed as European meter companies gobbled up Badger's customers. In 1953 Badger countered by establishing a wholly owned subsidiary in Mexico City named Medidores Azteca, which in 1956 began to manufacture multi-jet water meters for the Mexican market. In 1966 Badger expanded into South America with a velocity meter manufacturing plant in Peru and then later established a subsidiary in Ecuador. Currency fluctuations and general South American economic uncertainty, however, convinced the company to sell off its interest in these firms in 1978. But Badger's 25-year-old Mexican connection remained strong, and in 1980 it opened a manufacturing plant for a new line of water meters in the Mexican border town of Nogales.

In 1961 Badger had formed an international division to manage all foreign sales, which by 1970 were accounting for one third of Badger's total residential sales. In 1967 it acquired W. Gottlob Volz, a Stuttgart-based meter maker that unfortunately ranked at the bottom of Germany's water meter industry. It stubbornly remained there, and in 1978 Badger was forced to sell it off. In 1973 Badger used Stuttgart as the base for a new European sales arm, Badger Meter Europe, which in 1983 became a full-fledged business unit that performed order processing, administrative functions, and valve and lube meter assembly and testing. By the mid-1990s fully 20 percent of Badger's annual sales went to overseas customers, and the opening of a new Singapore office in 1997 announced its intention to lift its international sales even higher.

The Easy-Read Meter and New Markets: 1960--69

Fifty-five years after its founding, residential water meters remained Badger's bread and butter. By the 1960s, however, the long housing boom of the postwar years was beginning to peter out, and new rivals like Rockwell and Neptune were threatening Badger's preeminence in its core business. Jim Wright's multipronged diversification efforts had been aimed at relieving Badger of its dependence on the home water meter market, and throughout the 1960s Badger's product line was extended by new stainless steel meters for measuring highly corrosive liquids such as fertilizers and acids, turbine-type meters for water softening equipment manufacturers, and a variety of other technologically sophisticated industrial meters. Moreover, early in the decade Badger engineers received development contracts from federal agencies to apply the noninvasive measuring technology known as nuclear magnetic resonance to the measurement of fluid flow. By 1968 this had culminated in the unveiling of a magnetic resonance flowmeter (MRF) that could measure the flow of chemicals inside a pipe without coming into contact with the fluid, thus improving the accuracy of the measurement.

The introduction of the Easy-Read water meter in 1960 signaled that Badger was not prepared to surrender the residential niche it had created in 1905. The Easy-Read used a magnetic coupling rather than the traditional mechanical coupling to make possible the creation of a sealed gear train and register unit. This improved measurement accuracy to 98 percent, eliminated water leakage into the meter, and solved the problem of fogging, which made the meter's register all but impossible to read. Because more than half of all water meters were situated outside in poorly lit areas, the Easy-Read's more legible register dial and rotating-digit counter also made it easier for meter readers to record water consumption data. Badger improved the Easy-Read still further in 1963 when it introduced the Read-O-Matic, a register that could be used with Easy-Read to read the meter's data remotely. Since the Read-O-Matic could be installed outside, it now became possible for meter readers to collect consumption data when homeowners were away.

Fueled by Easy-Read's success, Badger embarked on a new cycle of acquisition in the 1960s, extending its reach into increasingly high-tech applications of fluid-measuring technology. In 1963 it bought Technicon Instruments of California, a maker of chart recorders for water and sewage plants (folded into Badger's Precon operation) in 1964 it acquired Research Controls of Tulsa, a producer of small control valves for research, pilot plant, and commercial process applications and in the same year it absorbed Noller Control Systems, a California manufacturer of telemetering and supervisory control systems.

The Noller purchase was Badger's first acquisition outside the meter industry and reflected Wright's desire to penetrate the water and sewage plant market by offering not only meters but the electronic equipment that managed them. Badger's purchase of Everson Manufacturing of Chicago, a maker of the chlorinators used in water treatment plants, sewage systems, and swimming pools, further solidified its presence in the water treatment and sewage market (it was eventually sold in 1982). Finally, in 1969 Badger founded a new subsidiary named Grafton Plastics (based in the Milwaukee suburb of Grafton) to supply the meter chambers, gears, number wheels, and other plastic components Badger had traditionally purchased from outside vendors.

Retrenching and Restructuring: 1969--74

Badger's transformation into a high-tech fluid-measurement firm came to a head in 1966 when it formed the Systems Division out of the supervisory control and communications management systems it had gained in the purchase of Noller Control Systems two years before. Badger was soon supplying computerized pollution control and water control and telemetering systems to water utilities and sanitary districts and then ventured even further afield with contracts to provide data terminals for such customers as stock exchanges and universities. Before the term core competency had become a corporate synonym for staying true to one's roots, Badger had realized as early as 1969 that it could no longer follow where its recent speculative high-tech ventures were leading it without jeopardizing the company's very profitability. In 1960 it therefore merged the Systems Division into Noller's Control System Division and pulled back from projects that would have led it into large computer systems and medical data collection systems.

In 1971, Wright listed Badger (now known simply as Badger Meter) on the American Stock Exchange and reorganized it into four semi-independent business groups: Flow Products, comprising the company's Milwaukee and Grafton operations Environmental and Electronic Products, encompassing its Oklahoma Precision Products and California Electronics divisions International, which consolidated all its foreign operations and Corporate Administration, containing its corporate administrative functions. Then, after 22 years at Badger's helm, Wright relinquished the presidency to company veteran Robert Pfeffer in 1974. The pell-mell expansion of the 1960s had left Badger a profitable but financially leaky enterprise, and Pfeffer sought to complete the reorganization Wright had begun by trying to determine, as he later recalled, "where all the money was going." The U.S. economy refused to cooperate, however, and the recession of the mid-1970s brought skyrocketing copper prices, high interest rates and inflation, and intensified competition in the meter industry. Badger's sales kept growing but earnings swung wildly, and the company was forced to forego dividend payments to shareholders.

"Recordall" and Success in Industrial Products: 1975--82

James Wright's diversification efforts two decades before had expanded the potential sources of Badger's revenues, and in 1975, for the first time in its history, more than half of the company's profits came from products other than residential water heaters. When housing starts began to pick up in the late 1970s, Badger was ready with a new generation of home meters, christened Recordall. Like the Easy-Read before it, the Recordall promised to revolutionize the home water meter. It offered improved measuring accuracy for water consumption at any flow rate (a selling point to utilities supporting water conservation programs), a broader range of sizes for utilities to choose from, and an all-thermoplastic external design--which enabled Badger to sidestep high copper prices and give utilities a noncorroding meter to market to customers. But consumers never overcame their instinctive feeling that to be durable and reliable water meters had to be heavy and metal, and Badger eventually began to replace its plastic Recordall meters with traditional copper versions.

Badger's efforts to establish itself in the industrial flow measurement industry in the 1960s began bearing fruit in the 1970s when sales of industrial flowmeters took off, doubling between 1973 and 1978 alone. It established a separate division for its industrial products in 1979 and enjoyed increased sales to chemical and food processors, concrete batching plants, and suppliers of auto lubrication systems. Its waste and water treatment flow and control products were also making inroads, fueled by the development of ultrasonic flowmeter (UF) technology by Badger's Envirolab unit. UF technology was uniquely capable of giving accurate measurements of fluid flow in sewage, and in 1972 Badger scored a major coup when its UF meter was chosen to measure the surging water flow in California's earthquake-damaged Van Norman dam. When President Nixon cut funding for the Environmental Protection Agency in 1973, however, Badger had to refocus its precision flowmeter marketing efforts from the wastewater control industry to the petrochemical and chemical industries. With company sales at $58.5 million, in 1979 Pfeffer stepped down as Badger's president after less than seven years at the helm.

The recession of 1981--82 struck Midwestern manufacturing firms especially hard, and Badger Meter was no exception. Faced with flagging demand, in 1982 new CEO James Forbes was forced to implement a wage freeze, a reduction in benefits, forced early retirements, and an employee downsizing program that reduced the company's workforce from 1,300 to 960. Forbes also developed a new corporate mission that emphasized improved financial strength and market share, a new commitment to customer satisfaction and state-of-the-art technology, and a high-tech flow measurement technology image to replace Badger's historical reputation as a mere water meter maker. He also implemented an employee ownership program that placed almost a quarter of the firm's stock in the hands of its employees, with the rest held by its management, public shareholders, and the Wright family.

Because Badger was strapped for cash and had already incorporated the telemetering technology of its California-based Electronics Division into its knowledge base, Forbes also felt he could afford to cut loose that division, selling it in 1983 to General Signal. The same year, he divided Badger's products into two divisions organized by the markets they sold to rather than the products they manufactured, thus eliminating redundant sales efforts. The new Utility Division would encompass Badger's waste and wastewater and natural gas utilities customers, and the Industrial Division would comprise Badger's industrial and commercial customers, including the energy, petroleum, food and beverage, pharmaceutical, chemical, process waters, and concrete meter markets. Moreover, a new Operations Division would contain all Badger's Milwaukee- and Tulsa-based machined and engineering products, and the company's International Division would be broken up and integrated in the new Utility and Industrial divisions.

Between 1984 and 1994, Badger had spent more than $60 million on product development, plant and equipment, and systems and quality programs. One byproduct of this was the coming of age of automatic meter reading (AMR) technology, which Badger had first experimented with in the late 1960s. Advances in computer technology were finally making AMR cost-effective, and in 1986 Badger unveiled an inbound phone-based AMR system called ACCESSplus that used phone lines to call in meter readings at preset times and software to download them into utilities' billing systems. Four years later Badger signed an agreement to license ACCESSplus to American Meter in exchange for the right to incorporate American's radio-based TRACE meter reading technology into its own meter products. In 1993 Badger won a $15 million contract to supply TRACE-equipped Recordall meters to Mexico City, the world's largest residential water meter project at that time. In 1996, Badger was also retained by the City of Milwaukee to install AMR technology in all the city's water meters, and Badger closed a contract to become a leading supplier to the largest AMR project in the United States, under construction in Philadelphia.

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s Badger continued its pursuit of the cutting-edge flow measurement technology it had begun in the 1960s, unveiling a microprocessor-based ultrasonic flowmeter called the Compu-Sonic in 1985, a concrete admixture dispensing system the same year, an advanced flow meter for the natural gas industry (christened Tru-Therm) in 1993, and the Q-Tracker, a portable monitor for measuring infiltration and inflow in sewer systems. Not all its high-tech ventures bore fruit, however. Its purchase of Precision Measurement Inc. of Dallas in 1985 came to little when its leading technology, a calorimeter for measuring the heat-producing capability of natural gas in gas pipelines, proved impractical.

Positioning for a New Century: 1994--97

Forbes also led Badger aggressively into the increasingly popular quality management and manufacturing reengineering movements that swept through American corporations in the 1980s. Badger embraced continuous flow manufacturing, a technique that promised to improve productivity and manufacturing efficiency by seamlessly linking the previously isolated steps of the manufacturing process purchased computer-aided design, flexible manufacturing, and computer-controlled machining systems implemented a team-based approach throughout its corporate management structure and installed a multimillion-dollar enterprise management software system that combined all its business operations into an integrated data network. By the mid-1990s, two hundred Badger workers could produce twice the number of meters that 600 workers produced only 12 years earlier.

By 1995, Badger had broken the $100 million level in sales and set the goal of reaching $200 million in sales by the turn of the century. Competing against mammoth instrument firms like Rockwell, Schlumberger, Asea Brown Boveri, and Emerson Electric, however, Badger had to remain a nimble, cutting-edge technology producer to preserve its market share. Producing superior measurement products was no longer enough Forbes had therefore positioned Badger as a provider of interfaces between other firms' meter-reading technologies and its own meter products and opened the door to connectivity partnerships with such firms as Cellnet Data Systems and Instromet International, whose AMR and instrumentation products promised to expand the market for Badger's line. With the measurement technology needs of the industrial process industries continually expanding and the enormous growth potential of the AMR market, Badger's future appeared brighter than at any time in its 90-year history.

Principal Subsidiaries: Badger Meter Europe, GmbH (Germany) Badger Meter International Sales, Inc. Badger Meter de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. Badger Meter Limited (U.K.) Badger Meter de Las Americas, S.A. de C.V. (Mexico) Badger Meter Export, Inc. (Virgin Islands) Badger/Instromet LLC (50%) Badger Meter, Canada.

Badger Meter, "Metering Solutions, Digital Connectivity" (corporate brochure), Milwaukee, Wis.: Badger Meter, Inc., 1996.
Forbes, James L., "Focusing on Industry Leading Products" (interview), Wall Street Corporate Reporter, August 11--17, 1997.
Raasch, Janet Ellen, "A History of Badger Meter, Inc.," Milwaukee, Wis.: Badger Meter, Inc., 1995.

Source: International Directory of Company Histories , Vol. 22. St. James Press, 1998.


10 Things You May Not Know About Sitting Bull

1. He was originally named “Jumping Badger.”
Sitting Bull was born around 1831 into the Hunkpapa people, a Lakota Sioux tribe that roamed the Great Plains in what is now the Dakotas. He was initially called “Jumping Badger” by his family, but earned the boyhood nickname “Slow” for his quiet and deliberate demeanor. The future chief killed his first buffalo when he was just 10 years old. At 14, he joined a Hunkpapa raiding party and distinguished himself by knocking a Crow warrior from his horse with a tomahawk. In celebration of the boy’s bravery, his father relinquished his own name and transferred it to his son. From then on, Slow became known as Tatanka-Iyotanka, or “Sitting Bull.”

2. Sitting Bull was credited with several legendary acts of bravery.
Sitting Bull was renowned for his skill in close quarters fighting and collected several red feathers representing wounds sustained in battle. As word of his exploits spread, his fellow warriors took to yelling, “Sitting Bull, I am he!” to intimidate their enemies during combat. The most stunning display of his courage came in 1872, when the Sioux clashed with the U.S. Army during a campaign to block construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad. As a symbol of his contempt for the soldiers, the middle-aged chief strolled out into the open and took a seat in front of their lines. Inviting several others to join him, he proceeded to have a long, leisurely smoke from his tobacco pipe, all the while ignoring the hail of bullets whizzing by his head. Upon finishing his pipe, Siting Bull carefully cleaned it and then walked off, still seemingly oblivious to the gunfire around him. His nephew White Bull would later call the act of defiance “the bravest deed possible.”

3. He was the first man to become chief of the entire Lakota Sioux nation. Sitting Bull’s camp in the Big Horn Mountains. (Credit: DeAgostini/Getty Images)

3. He was the first man to become chief of the entire Lakota Sioux nation.
In the 1860s, Sitting Bull emerged as one of the fiercest opponents of white encroachment on Sioux land. His resistance usually took the form of raids on livestock and hit-and-run attacks against military outposts, including several against Fort Buford in North Dakota. Knowing that the Indians required unity to face down the might of the U.S. Army, Sitting Bull’s uncle Four Horns eventually spearheaded a campaign to make the war chief the supreme leader of all the autonomous bands of Lakota Sioux𠅊 position that had never before existed. Sitting Bull was elevated to his new rank sometime around 1869. Other hunting bands later flocked to his banner, and by the mid-1870s his group also included several Cheyenne and Arapaho.

4. Sitting Bull had a spiritual premonition of his most famous victory.
Though mainly remembered as a warrior and political leader, Sitting Bull was also a Lakota “Wichasa Wakan,” a type of holy man believed to have the gift of spiritual insight and prophecy. During a Sun Dance ceremony in early June 1876, he made 50 sacrificial cuts into each arm and danced for hours before falling into a trance. When he awoke, he claimed to have witnessed soldiers tumbling into his camp like grasshoppers falling from the sky𠅊 vision he interpreted to mean that the Sioux would soon win a great victory. Just a few weeks later on June 25, the prophecy was fulfilled when Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer’s Seventh Cavalry attacked the encampment in what became known as the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Spurred on by Sitting Bull’s vision, the numerically superior Indians surrounded the bluecoats and completely obliterated Custer’s contingent of over 200 troops.

The Battle of Little Big Horn,

5. He didn’t lead the Indians at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
Following the rout at the Little Bighorn, many people credited Sitting Bull with having masterminded the Indian victory. Some even claimed the 45-year-old had once attended the military academy at West Point. But while Sitting Bull was active in protecting the camp’s women and children during the attack, he seems to have left the fighting to the younger men, most of whom battled in disorganized groups. The Indians were no doubt energized by Sitting Bull’s prophecy, but the main heroes on the day were his nephew White Bull and the Oglala Lakota warrior Crazy Horse, who led a charge that supposedly split the soldiers’ lines in two.

6. Sitting Bull spent four years in exile in Canada.
After the embarrassment at the Little Bighorn, the U.S. Army doubled down on its efforts to defeat the Plains Indians and force them onto reservations. Sitting Bull refused to submit, however, and in May 1877 he led his followers across the border to the safety of Canada. He would spend the next four years hiding out in the land of the “Grandmother,” as he called Queen Victoria, but the disappearance of the buffalo eventually drove his people to the brink of starvation. Prodded along by the Canadian and American governments, many Sioux refugees abandoned the camp and crossed back into the United States. In July 1881, Sitting Bull and the last holdouts followed suit and surrendered to American authorities in North Dakota. The aging chief spent most of the next two years as a prisoner before being assigned to Standing Rock Agency—the reservation that remained his home for the rest of his life.

7. He considered Annie Oakley his adopted daughter.
In the years after his surrender, Sitting Bull was hailed as a minor celebrity by the same country that had once branded him an outlaw. He found people were willing to pay $2 just for his autograph, and in 1884, he was allowed to leave the reservation to tour as the star of his own exhibition show. During a stopover in Minnesota, he took in a performance by the famed lady sharpshooter Annie Oakley. Sitting Bull was hugely impressed by her marksmanship, and the two became fast friends after he requested a photograph of her. The old warrior nicknamed Oakley “Little Sure Shot” and insisted on unofficially adopting her as his daughter. To seal the arrangement, he supposedly gifted her the pair of moccasins he had worn during the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

8. Sitting Bull toured with Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show.
In June 1885, the former army scout and entertainer William 𠇋uffalo Bill” Cody hired Sitting Bull to perform in his famous “Wild West” show. For a fee of $50 a week, the chief donned full war attire and rode on horseback during the show’s opening procession. He considered the job an easy way to earn money and draw attention to his people’s plight on the reservation, but he was occasionally subjected to booing from his audiences and criticism in the press. One reporter in Michigan even labeled him 𠇊s mild mannered a man as ever cut a throat or scalped a helpless woman.” Sitting Bull soon grew tired of traveling and longed to return to his family. He left the tour for good after its final show in October, saying, “the wigwam is a better place for the red man.”

9. He was killed over his supposed involvement in the “Ghost Dance” movement.
Beginning in 1889, many reservation tribes were gripped by the “Ghost Dance,” a spiritual movement that spoke of a messiah who would bury the white man’s world under a layer of soil and allow the Indians to return to their old ways. Sitting Bull had been at the forefront of preserving the Lakota’s traditional culture—he still lived with two wives and stubbornly resisted converting to Christianity𠅊nd it wasn’t long before the authorities became convinced he might use the Ghost Dance movement to foment a resistance or lead a breakout from the reservation. On the morning of December 15, 1890, reservation agent James McLaughlin dispatched a party of Lakota policemen to arrest Sitting Bull and bring him in for questioning. The men succeeded in dragging the 59-year-old from his cabin, but the commotion caused a large group of his followers to converge on the scene. One of the Ghost Dancers fired a shot at the policemen, setting off a brief gun battle. In the confusion that followed, more than a dozen people were killed including Sitting Bull, who was shot in the head and chest.

10. The location of his gravesite is still debated today.
Two days after he was killed, Sitting Bull’s body was unceremoniously buried in the post cemetery at Fort Yates, North Dakota. There it remained for more than 60 years until 1953, when a Sitting Bull descendant named Clarence Grey Eagle led a party that secretly exhumed and relocated it to a new grave in Mobridge, South Dakota. A monument and a bust of Sitting Bull were later erected on the Mobridge site, but to this day rumors persist that Grey Eagle and his team may have dug up the wrong body. North Dakota officials even put up a plaque at the original Fort Yates site reading, “He was buried here but his grave has been vandalized many times.” Others, meanwhile, claim the great chief’s bones had already been exhumed prior to 1953 and reinterred near Turtle Mountain in the Canadian province of Manitoba.


The First Settlers

The settlers of Newbury were much like those of much of what is now northern Essex county. They were not religious enthusiasts or pilgrims who fled from religious persecution in England. They were substantial, law abiding, loyal English tradesmen, of that staunch middle class that was the backbone of England.

Those that settled Newbury came at different times and on different ships, between the end of April, 1634 and July, 1635 . On May 6, 1635, before the settlers had moved from Ipswich to Newbury, the House of Deputies passed a resolution that Quascacunquen was to be established as a plantation and its name was to be changed to Newbury. So Newbury was named before the first settlers arrived, interestingly Thomas Parker had taught school in Newbury, Berkshire, England before coming to America.

There is no record of how many families arrived in the first year. Houses were erected on both sides of the Parker River. The principal settlement was around the meeting house on the lower green. The first church in Newbury could not have been formed before June, as some of those recorded at its formation are not recorded as having arrived until June.

In the division of land the first settlers recognized the scripture rule, "to him that hath shall be given," and the wealth of each grantee can be estimated by the number of acres given him.

The reason for establishing Newbury, as stated above, was not in fleeing from religious persecution but to utilize vacant lands and to establish a profitable business for the members of a stock-raising company.


The Gruesome Blood Sports of Shakespearean England

Near the end of his classic 1606 play Macbeth, William Shakespeare included a scene in which the doomed title character says that his enemies, “have tied me to a stake I cannot fly, / But, bear-like, I must fight the course.” The line might seem inconsequential to modern readers, but for the audiences that watched the Bard’s plays 400 years ago, it would have been an obvious reference to one of the most popular pastimes of the day: bear-baiting. In fact, many of the same Londoners who flocked to Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre were also patrons of the nearby �r Gardens,” where bears, dogs, bulls, chimps and other creatures routinely fought to the death in front of roaring crowds.

Along with the theater, animal blood sports were among the most beloved entertainments of 16th and 17th century England. In London, the shows took place in the seamy Bankside district, which was home to several purpose-built arenas. “There,” wrote one 1639 visitor, “you may hear the shouting of men, the barking of dogs, the growling of the bears, and the bellowing of the bulls, mixed in a wild but natural harmony.”

By far the most popular sport was bear-baiting. In this brutal test, a bear would be led into a pit and then chained to a stake by its leg or neck. As spectators cheered and placed bets, a pack of dogs—usually bulldogs or mastiffs—would be unleashed into the arena to torment and attack the bear. “It was a very pleasant sport to see,” the Elizabethan court official Robert Laneham wrote of a 1575 bear-baiting. “To see the bear, with his pink eyes, tearing after his enemies’ approach…with biting, with clawing, with roaring, with tossing and tumbling, he would work and wind himself from them. And when he was loose, to shake his ears twice or thrice with the blood and the slather hanging about his physiognomy.”

Bear baiting in London in the 1820s. (Credit: Hulton-Deutsch Collection / Getty Images)

The gory spectacle typically continued until the bears had killed several dogs or been bitten into submission. Still, since bears had to be imported from abroad at great cost, steps were usually taken to ensure that they didn’t die in the ring. After several bouts, some of the animals even became minor celebrities. London’s bear pits were home to creatures with nicknames such as “Ned Whiting,” “Harry Hunks” and 𠇋lind Bess.” Another famous bear, the great “Sackerson,” was even referenced by name in Shakespeare’s play The Merry Wives of Windsor.

Bear-baiting in England dates back to medieval times, but it first became big business in the mid-1500s, when impresarios such as Philip Henslowe established dedicated animal fighting venues on the south bank of the Thames. The noisy, blood-soaked arenas were hugely popular, and they were later considered the main competition to the plays put on at theaters such as the Rose and the Globe. Even after Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe and Ben Johnson ushered in a golden age of English drama, audiences of all social classes continued to relish the visceral thrills of the bear pits. Queen Elizabeth I was said to be a bear-baiting fan, and once organized an exhibition for the visiting French ambassador. King James I, meanwhile, was such an aficionado that he hosted private shows involving polar bears and lions borrowed from the Tower of London’s animal menagerie.

Along with bear-baiting, the English arenas also hosted a range of animal fights that the scholar Stephen Dickey once called a �rnival of cruelty.” There were rat-baitings, badger-baitings, dogfights, cockfights and other stomach-turning displays such as staged whippings of blind bears. Bull-baiting, in which dogs were set upon chained male cattle, was particularly popular. Audiences delighted in watching the bulls throw the attack dogs into the air with their horns, and it was widely believed that baiting helped make the bull’s beef more tender and safe for consumption. Perhaps the strangest show of all involved a chimpanzee, or “jack-an-apes,” which would be strapped onto the back of a horse and then set loose into the ring to be chased by a pack of snarling dogs. An Italian merchant who once witnessed the spectacle wrote that, “It is wonderful to see the horse galloping along, kicking up the ground and champing at the bit, with the monkey holding very tightly to the saddle, and crying out frequently when he is bitten by the dogs.”

Bear-baiting in the 16th century. (Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

While many visitors to the Bear Gardens considered the violence to be exhilarating and even funny, the blood sports also won their fair share of critics. Puritan ministers and other clergymen denounced the arenas as dens of idleness and vice, and it was said that the games encouraged gambling, drunkenness and prostitution. “There are as many civil religious men here, as there are saints in hell,” one critic wrote of the bear pits. Others were more disturbed by the violence being perpetrated against helpless animals. After a visit to the Bear Gardens in 1670, the English diarist John Evelyn pronounced the games a “rude and dirty pastime” that reveled in �rbarous cruelties.”

Despite the protests of critics, England’s animal blood sports continued unabated through most of the 17th century. London’s main bear-baiting arena was briefly closed in 1656 as part of a moral crackdown orchestrated by Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell, but it wasn’t long before the games had roared back to life. By 1662, a new Bear Garden had been built that featured an onsite pub as well as special windows that allowed patrons to watch the animal baitings while they ate and guzzled ale.

It wasn’t until the 1700s that the blood sports finally fell out of favor. By then, shifting attitudes about animal cruelty had led many to write the games off as a vile and despicable practice. Animal baiting was later banned outright in England following an 1835 act of parliament, but a few remnants of its history have survived to today. Two streets in South London are still called �r Gardens” and �r Lane” after the gruesome displays that once took place in the area. The iconic English bulldog, meanwhile, earned its name from its past use as an attack dog in bull and bear-baiting shows.


Winter 2019

Wisconsin Magazine of History. This issue includes articles on John Muir's experience as an undergraduate at the University of Wisconsin in Madison the discovery of glass-plate images from Emmanual Luick, light keeper at the Sand Island Lighthouse the resettlement of Midwest families to Matanuska Valley, Alaska Territory in 1935, told through the eyes of Milwaukee Journal reporter Arville Schaleben, a short memoir from a 1950s movie usher at the Mikadow Theater in Manitowoc, Wisconsin and an excerpt from the Wisconsin Historical Society Press book "Job Man: My Life in Professional Wrestling" by Chris Multerer with Larry Widen.


William Badger - History

Descendants of Joseph Badger

1. Joseph 1 Badger was born Abt. 1760 in Probably in VA. He married Nancy Ann Shepherd May 05, 1786 in Petersburg, VA. She was born 1769 in Williamsburg, VA, and died February 25, 1844 in Petersburg, VA.

Children of Joseph Badger and Nancy Shepherd are:

2 i. Mary Ann 2 Badger. She married John Dejarnett December 13, 1810.

3 ii. Jr. Joseph Badger. He married Alvina C. Newman March 27, 1822 in Petersburg, VA.

4 iii. Frances Ann Badger. She married Owen Hobson December 20, 1843 in Petersburg, VA.

5 iv. Harriet Badger. She married R. Furt May 19, 1814 in Petersburg, VA.

+ 6 v. William Haines Badger, born Abt. 1800 died December 10, 1879 in Petersburg, VA.

+ 7 vi. Edwin H. Badger, born 1802 in VA died Abt. 1877.

6. William Haines 2 Badger (Joseph 1 ) was born Abt. 1800, and died December 10, 1879 in Petersburg, VA. He married Eliza D. Wells May 31, 1822 in Chesterfield, VA. She died December 03, 1877 in Petersburg, VA.

Children of William Badger and Eliza Wells are:

+ 8 i. II William Haines 3 Badger, born April 05, 1827 in Petersburg, Virginia died September 21, 1907 in Ashe County, NC.

9 ii. Ella Badger, born 1832.

10 iii. Eliza Badger, born 1837.

11 iv. Laura Badger, born 1840.

12 v. George P. Badger, born 1842 died January 23, 1922 in Petersburg, VA.

13 vi. Lewis Badger, born 1848 died February 15, 1921.

7. Edwin H. 2 Badger (Joseph 1 ) was born 1802 in VA, and died Abt. 1877. He married Anne McCullock December 20, 1827 in Petersburg, VA.

Children of Edwin Badger and Anne McCullock are:

14 i. James McCullough 3 Badger, born 1830 died July 06, 1853.

15 ii. Rosa Badger, born 1834.

16 iii. Margaret F. Badger, born 1839 died October 24, 1900 in Petersburg, VA.

8. II William Haines 3 Badger (William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 05, 1827 in Petersburg, Virginia, and died September 21, 1907 in Ashe County, NC. He married Alpha Duvall February 05, 1857 in Ashe County, NC by J.P. William Weaver., daughter of John Duvall and Mary Plummer. She was born 1832 in North Carolina, and died April 21, 1916.

Children of William Badger and Alpha Duvall are:

+ 17 i. William Emmitt 4 Badger, born July 15, 1858 in Ashe Co., North Carolina died July 18, 1912.

18 ii. George W. Badger, born February 09, 1860 died July 15, 1861.

+ 19 iii. John Wesley. Badger, born August 15, 1861 in North Carolina died February 14, 1929.

+ 20 iv. Joseph Eugene Badger, born December 11, 1862 in Bina, Ashe County, NC died May 14, 1934.

21 v. Joseph W. Badger, born 1863.

22 vi. Mary Badger, born 1864 in Ashe County, NC.

+ 23 vii. Mary Elvira Badger, born August 11, 1865 in Jefferson, North Carolina died July 13, 1951 in Lucasville, OH (Valley Twp.).

24 viii. Allace Eloise Badger, born May 22, 1869 died February 11, 1886 in Died of pneumonia.

+ 25 ix. Elizabeth Ellen Badger, born May 22, 1869 in Ashe County, NC died 1956.

+ 26 x. James Alford Badger, born 1871 died 1950.

27 xi. Nora Badger, born June 25, 1872 died July 19, 1909. She married Joseph Evan Porter 1890.

17. William Emmitt 4 Badger (William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 15, 1858 in Ashe Co., North Carolina, and died July 18, 1912. He married Melvina Sage October 24, 1874 in Ashe County, NC. She was born 1850 in Virginia, and died August 08, 1912.

Children of William Badger and Melvina Sage are:

+ 28 i. Julia Ann 5 Badger, born in North Carolina died Bet. 1908 - 1910.

+ 29 ii. Laura Arminta Badger, born July 06, 1878 in Ashe Co., North Carolina died April 03, 1957.

+ 30 iii. John Felix Badger, born September 08, 1879 in Bina, Ashe Co., NC died March 03, 1946 in Chilhowie, VA.

+ 31 iv. James Charles Badger, born July 25, 1881 died November 11, 1964 in Meadowview, VA.

+ 32 v. William Wiley Badger, born July 25, 1881 in Bina, Ashe County, NC died August 22, 1944 in Ashe County, NC.

+ 33 vi. George Arthur Badger, born September 18, 1884 in Bina, Ashe Co., NC died November 24, 1935.

+ 34 vii. Cicero Bethel Badger, born October 14, 1885 in Ashe Co., Jefferson, NC died January 21, 1967 in Bartholomew Co. Hospital, Columbus, IN.

+ 35 viii. Grover Preston Badger, born April 24, 1890 died February 20, 1925.

+ 36 ix. Joseph Cleveland Badger, born April 24, 1890 died December 31, 1958.

19. John Wesley. 4 Badger (William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born August 15, 1861 in North Carolina, and died February 14, 1929. He married Barbara Frances Johnson . She was born February 08, 1872 in Jefferson, NC, and died February 01, 1953 in Jefferson, NC.

Children of John Badger and Barbara Johnson are:

37 i. Blanche B. 5 Badger. She married Maynard Jones.

38 ii. Carl Badger, died in In Infancy.

+ 39 iii. Roy Rudolph Badger, born May 10, 1889 died May 10, 1973.

40 iv. Oscar Quincy Badger, born July 03, 1891 died July 05, 1965. He married Maude Campbell born June 20, 1892 died September 15, 1978.

+ 41 v. Guy Tanner Badger, born September 14, 1892 died April 09, 1977.

+ 42 vi. Fred Badger, born May 07, 1899 in Jefferson, NC died February 15, 1937 in Jefferson, NC.

43 vii. Oren Davis Badger, born August 16, 1901 died August 29, 1962. He married Nora Rose born March 04, 1903 died May 11, 1933.

+ 44 viii. John Chester Badger, born November 04, 1904 in Ashe Co., NC died November 06, 1962.

+ 45 ix. William Franklin Badger, born July 19, 1907 in Ashe Co., NC died May 25, 1964 in Jefferson, NC.

20. Joseph Eugene 4 Badger (William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born December 11, 1862 in Bina, Ashe County, NC, and died May 14, 1934. He married Mollie Porter December 16, 1883 in Ashe County, NC. She was born May 17, 1865 in Wilks Co., NC, and died June 25, 1943.

Children of Joseph Badger and Mollie Porter are:

46 i. Alice 5 Badger. She married John Quincy Baker.

47 ii. Effie Badger. She married Jesse Lee.

48 iii. Dette Badger. She married William Jones.

49 iv. Jean Badger. She married William Taft Wright.

+ 52 vii. Daisy Ada Badger, born April 30, 1885 died January 29, 1976.

53 viii. Ida M. or Sammie Badger, born October 1887 in Ashe County, NC.

+ 54 ix. Joseph Parker Badger, born March 31, 1905 in Warrensville, Ashe County, NC died August 03, 1959.

23. Mary Elvira 4 Badger (William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born August 11, 1865 in Jefferson, North Carolina, and died July 13, 1951 in Lucasville, OH (Valley Twp.). She married William B. Wallace January 01, 1888 in Ashe County, NC, son of Reuben Wallace and Rebecca Testerman. He died Abt. 1920 in Gary, WV.

Children of Mary Badger and William Wallace are:

+ 60 vi. Donna Isadore Wallace, born May 10, 1889 in Ashe County, NC.

25. Elizabeth Ellen 4 Badger (William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born May 22, 1869 in Ashe County, NC, and died 1956.

Children of Elizabeth Ellen Badger are:

61 i. Glen 5 Badger, born April 25, 1900 died May 29, 1920.

62 ii. Pearl Badger, born April 25, 1900.

63 iii. Edna Badger, born Abt. 1907.

26. James Alford 4 Badger (William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born 1871, and died 1950. He married Rosa Lee Sullivan January 24, 1897 in Ashe County, NC. She was born 1878, and died 1947.

Children of James Badger and Rosa Sullivan are:

+ 66 iii. Carl Badger, born November 30, 1900 died January 1967.

67 iv. Ola Mary Badger, born June 25, 1903 in Ashe Co., NC.

+ 68 v. Hunter Mathis Badger, born 1908.

+ 69 vi. Lela Doris Badger, born August 14, 1913 died June 21, 1995 in Melbourne, FL.

28. Julia Ann 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born in North Carolina, and died Bet. 1908 - 1910. She married Walter Calvin (H) Roark March 05, 1895 in Johnson Co., TN. He was born 1877 in Staggs Creek Twp., Ashe Co., NC.

Children of Julia Badger and Walter Roark are:

70 i. Edward 6 Roark, born December 1895.

71 ii. Betsey Roark, born July 1897.

72 iii. Butler Roark, born May 1899 died Abt. 1919.

+ 73 iv. Rex Calvin Roark, born July 04, 1904 in Ashe County, NC died July 14, 1978 in Burlington, Almanance County, NC.

29. Laura Arminta 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 06, 1878 in Ashe Co., North Carolina, and died April 03, 1957. She married Thomas Jefferson Sexton . He was born February 25, 1874, and died January 17, 1940.

Children of Laura Badger and Thomas Sexton are:

78 v. Sidney Sexton, born September 08, 1901 died May 1975 in Wytheville, VA.

79 vi. Arthur Ruben Sexton, born June 05, 1903 died November 04, 1974.

80 vii. Roy Thomas Sexton, born May 02, 1910 died May 15, 1981.

+ 81 viii. Robert Lee Sexton, born June 19, 1916 died May 01, 1981.

82 ix. Beecher Sexton, born March 30, 1919 died December 18, 1988 in Abingdon, VA.

30. John Felix 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born September 08, 1879 in Bina, Ashe Co., NC, and died March 03, 1946 in Chilhowie, VA. He married (1) Lottie Thompson in 19 Jan 1902. He married (2) Maggie Ham 1945. She was born May 17, 1897 in Ashe Co., NC, and died June 04, 1983 in Ashe Co. Hospital, Ashe Co., NC.

Children of John Badger and Lottie Thompson are:

+ 83 i. James Donald 6 Badger, died September 17, 1961.

+ 84 ii. Burton Badger, born October 21, 1902 died March 1980.

31. James Charles 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 25, 1881, and died November 11, 1964 in Meadowview, VA. He married Fannie Hamm February 11, 1903. She was born November 12, 1885, and died February 16, 1972 in Abingdon, VA.

Children of James Badger and Fannie Hamm are:

85 i. Dewey 6 Badger, died Infant.

+ 86 ii. Reaves Glenn Badger, born November 13, 1903 in Crumpler, NC died August 22, 1988.

87 iii. Reece Cole Badger, born April 15, 1906 in Crumpler, NC died June 29, 1915 in Crumpler, NC.

88 iv. Nora Belle Badger, born November 03, 1908 in Crumpler, NC died October 08, 1953. She married Stuart Harrison Orr born June 25, 1883 died November 21, 1965.

+ 89 v. Fred Ray Badger, born March 25, 1910 in Crumpler, NC died January 09, 1970 in Mountain Home, Tennessee.

+ 90 vi. Lilly Irene Badger, born October 29, 1913 in Crumpler, NC.

+ 91 vii. Beecher William Badger, born July 14, 1916 in Clinchburg, VA died November 17, 1967 in Abingdon, VA.

+ 92 viii. Charles Gilmer Badger, born May 27, 1919 in Clinchburg, Virginia died April 07, 1975 in Kenosha, Wisconsin.

+ 93 ix. Ruby Jean Badger, born May 14, 1922.

32. William Wiley 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 25, 1881 in Bina, Ashe County, NC, and died August 22, 1944 in Ashe County, NC. He married Cora Thompson January 01, 1911. She was born May 25, 1892 in Ashe County, NC, and died February 15, 1980 in Ashe County, NC.

Children of William Badger and Cora Thompson are:

+ 94 i. Raymond Lee 6 Badger, born December 22, 1911 died May 29, 1936.

+ 95 ii. Ruby Melvina Badger, born April 09, 1913.

+ 96 iii. Ollie Mae Badger, born May 14, 1916.

+ 97 iv. James Roy Badger, born July 30, 1921 in Ashe County, NC died November 20, 1986 in Perryville, MD.

+ 98 v. Ruth Badger, born April 04, 1925 in Ashe County, NC.

+ 99 vi. Mary Kathleen Badger, born January 01, 1929 in Ashe County, NC.

33. George Arthur 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born September 18, 1884 in Bina, Ashe Co., NC, and died November 24, 1935. He married Cora Ellen Taylor January 01, 1906 in Ashe County, NC. She was born December 06, 1885 in Crumpler, NC, and died March 02, 1927.

Children of George Badger and Cora Taylor are:

100 i. Guy William 6 Badger, born October 18, 1906 in Crumpler, NC died June 13, 1943 in West Grove, PA.

+ 101 ii. Winnie Mae Badger, born November 26, 1908 in Ashe County, NC.

102 iii. Ray Cicero Badger, born March 19, 1911 in Ashe County, NC died May 28, 1985 in Ashe County, NC.

103 iv. Edna Pearl Badger, born February 22, 1916 died February 22, 1976. She married Stirewalt.

+ 104 v. Jessie Fay Badger, born July 22, 1916 died May 09, 1990.

+ 105 vi. Jr. George Arthur Badger, born April 10, 1922 died November 18, 1969.

+ 106 vii. Vance Lloyd Badger, born June 21, 1924 in Chestnut Hill, NC died April 16, 1997 in Baltimore, MD.

107 viii. Lorene Evelyn Badger, born July 04, 1926. She married Robert Updike.

34. Cicero Bethel 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born October 14, 1885 in Ashe Co., Jefferson, NC, and died January 21, 1967 in Bartholomew Co. Hospital, Columbus, IN. He married Callie Melvina Price March 18, 1917 in Jefferson, Ashe Co., NC (marriage cert.). She died December 07, 1964 in Hwy. #31 enroute to Columbus, IN.

Children of Cicero Badger and Callie Price are:

108 i. Dallas Lilliard 6 Badger, born March 12, 1918 in Jonkin Jones, WV died December 07, 1944 in Killed in Phillipine Islands, WWII.

+ 109 ii. Tissie Evelene Badger, born August 07, 1920 in NC.

+ 110 iii. Marvin Dale Badger, born September 11, 1922 in Case Creek, KY.

+ 111 iv. Delmer Lee Badger, born February 03, 1927 in Adair Co., KY.

+ 112 v. Robert Bethel Badger, born April 25, 1929 in Charlestown, W.VA.

35. Grover Preston 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 24, 1890, and died February 20, 1925. He married Hattie Mae Sturgile . She was born 1898, and died 1927.

Children of Grover Badger and Hattie Sturgile are:

114 ii. Myrtle Badger, born May 30, 1914.

+ 115 iii. Clyde Badger, born February 27, 1917.

+ 116 iv. Pauline Badger, born March 23, 1920.

+ 117 v. Sally May Badger, born July 29, 1923.

36. Joseph Cleveland 5 Badger (William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 24, 1890, and died December 31, 1958. He married Bessie Victoria McElyea . She was born November 19, 1892, and died January 17, 1951.

Children of Joseph Badger and Bessie McElyea are:

121 iv. Robert Carl Badger, died in Bristol, TN.

122 v. Gladys Juanita Badger.

125 viii. Martha Jean Badger.

126 ix. George Henry Badger.

130 xiii. Jr. Joseph Cleveland Badger.

+ 131 xiv. William Emet Badger, born December 30.

132 xv. Nanny Marie Badger, born October 16, 1916 died July 14, 1924.

39. Roy Rudolph 5 Badger (John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born May 10, 1889, and died May 10, 1973. He married (1) Eula Dickson March 27, 1912. She was born July 04, 1892, and died February 10, 1916. He married (2) Bessie Hartzog March 13, 1918 in Jeff, NC, witnessed by Quince Duncan. She was born May 10, 1900.

Children of Roy Badger and Eula Dickson are:

133 i. Edith Johnsey 6 Badger, born March 06, 1914.

134 ii. Eula Johnson Badger, born January 14, 1916.

Children of Roy Badger and Bessie Hartzog are:

+ 135 i. Nora Gionia 6 Badger, born December 25, 1918 in Roderfield, W.VA.

136 ii. Robert Franklin Badger, born May 27, 1920 died September 1922.

+ 137 iii. James Alfred Badger, born February 23, 1923 in Jefferson, NC.

138 iv. Barbara Ann Badger, born October 12, 1925 died March 16, 1937.

+ 139 v. William James Badger, born December 20, 1929 in Jefferson, NC.

140 vi. Roy Ray Badger, born May 01, 1933 died May 18, 1936.

41. Guy Tanner 5 Badger (John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born September 14, 1892, and died April 09, 1977. He married Florence Roark . She was born February 07, 1900 in Ashe Co., NC, and died October 29, 1975.

Children of Guy Badger and Florence Roark are:

141 i. Ethel 6 Badger. She married Younce.

142 ii. Mabel Ruth Badger. She married Marsh.

143 iii. Barbara Badger. She married Church.

+ 145 v. Jr. Guy Tanner Badger, born March 26, 1923 died October 02, 1975 in Ashe Co. Hospital, Ashe Co., NC.

42. Fred 5 Badger (John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born May 07, 1899 in Jefferson, NC, and died February 15, 1937 in Jefferson, NC. He married Theresa Wiles .

Children of Fred Badger and Theresa Wiles are:

44. John Chester 5 Badger (John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born November 04, 1904 in Ashe Co., NC, and died November 06, 1962. He married Ruth Highburger .

Child of John Badger and Ruth Highburger is:

148 i. James C. 6 Badger, born February 20, 1934 in W. VA died September 12, 1939 in Browns Creek, W. VA.

45. William Franklin 5 Badger (John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 19, 1907 in Ashe Co., NC, and died May 25, 1964 in Jefferson, NC. He married Verlas Elliott . She was born November 26, 1907, and died July 28, 1979.

Child of William Badger and Verlas Elliott is:

149 i. Billie Ann 6 Badger. She married Sprinkle.

52. Daisy Ada 5 Badger (Joseph Eugene 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 30, 1885, and died January 29, 1976. She married James Calvin McNeil December 19, 1900.

Children of Daisy Badger and James McNeil are:

+ 150 i. Millard Gaither 6 McNeil, born October 31, 1901 died May 1957.

151 ii. Mabel Pauline McNeil, born March 03, 1905 died June 16, 1976. She married Cecil M. McClister.

152 iii. Virginia Dare McNeil, born June 29, 1917. She married Guy L. Snow.

153 iv. Billie Delores McNeil, born February 12, 1922. She married Clarence Thompson.

54. Joseph Parker 5 Badger (Joseph Eugene 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born March 31, 1905 in Warrensville, Ashe County, NC, and died August 03, 1959. He married Fannie Waddell . She was born June 06, 1902, and died March 26, 1993.

Children of Joseph Badger and Fannie Waddell are:

+ 154 i. Ruth R. 6 Badger, born April 20, 1924.

155 ii. John Charles Badger, born October 18, 1929.

156 iii. Jacqueline Edith Badger, born April 08, 1932.

55. Maude 5 Wallace (Mary Elvira 4 Badger, William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) She married Henry Thompson .

Children of Maude Wallace and Henry Thompson are:

56. Eula 5 Wallace (Mary Elvira 4 Badger, William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) She married Kanawha Pike .

Child of Eula Wallace and Kanawha Pike is:

57. Conley 5 Wallace (Mary Elvira 4 Badger, William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) He married Louise Leffel .

Children of Conley Wallace and Louise Leffel are:

58. Gilmer 5 Wallace (Mary Elvira 4 Badger, William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) He married Cleo Phelps .

Children of Gilmer Wallace and Cleo Phelps are:

60. Donna Isadore 5 Wallace (Mary Elvira 4 Badger, William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born May 10, 1889 in Ashe County, NC. She married George Wiley Hawthorne .

Children of Donna Wallace and George Hawthorne are:

+ 168 i. Jr. George Wiley 6 Hawthorne.

171 iv. Lawrence Hawthorne.

66. Carl 5 Badger (James Alford 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born November 30, 1900, and died January 1967. He married Verna Unknown . She was born January 16, 1906, and died June 1983.

Children of Carl Badger and Verna Unknown are:

68. Hunter Mathis 5 Badger (James Alford 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born 1908. He married Ollie Blance Owen June 22, 1932. She was born May 26, 1912.

Children of Hunter Badger and Ollie Owen are:

176 i. John Hunter 6 Badger, born February 21, 1944.

177 ii. James Harvey Badger, born February 07, 1948.

69. Lela Doris 5 Badger (James Alford 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born August 14, 1913, and died June 21, 1995 in Melbourne, FL. She married Guy Kilby July 25, 1932 in Maryland.

Children of Lela Badger and Guy Kilby are:

73. Rex Calvin 6 Roark (Julia Ann 5 Badger, William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 04, 1904 in Ashe County, NC, and died July 14, 1978 in Burlington, Almanance County, NC. He married Anna Lou Barbary , daughter of Perrie Barbary and Molly Jones. She died May 28, 1962.

Children of Rex Roark and Anna Barbary are:

181 i. Mildred "Milly" 7 Roark, born May 19, 1929 in Smyth Co., VA. She married Kennith Cornett.

182 ii. James Willis Roark, born November 22, 1920 in Smyth County, VA died July 12, 1991 in VA. He married Lila Jana Blevins.

183 iii. Lawrence Edward Roark, born October 05, 1922 in Atkins, Smyth Co., VA died March 26, 1994 in Middletown, OH. He married Alma Raye Highley March 03, 1943 in KY born February 22, 1930 in Middletown, Ohio.

81. Robert Lee 6 Sexton (Laura Arminta 5 Badger, William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born June 19, 1916, and died May 01, 1981. He married Connie Greer .

Child of Robert Sexton and Connie Greer is:

184 i. Shelby Jean 7 Sexton. She married Roy Hendrickson.

83. James Donald 6 Badger (John Felix 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) died September 17, 1961. He married Edna Sheets July 21, 1933. She was born July 11, 1915, and died May 04, 1977.

Children of James Badger and Edna Sheets are:

185 i. James R. 7 Badger. He married (1) Theresa Iaonnia. He married (2) Patricia Yeagly (Second Wife). He married (3) Patricia Yeagly.

186 ii. Robert C. Badger, died 1989. He married Maryann Dukes.

187 iii. Betty S. Badger, born May 04, 1934. She married (1) John J. Kessler, Jr. (SecondHusband). She married (2) Donald E. Riale born February 05, 1933 died November 1982.

188 iv. Dorothy Badger, born July 11, 1935. She married Dante M. Bove September 08, 1955 born March 01, 1931.

84. Burton 6 Badger (John Felix 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born October 21, 1902, and died March 1980. He married Zola Ham . She was born June 27, 1900, and died January 1986.

Children of Burton Badger and Zola Ham are:

190 ii. Patricia Badger. She married Hostetter.

86. Reaves Glenn 6 Badger (James Charles 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born November 13, 1903 in Crumpler, NC, and died August 22, 1988. He married (1) Lavetta Ann Athey Abt. 1924 in Lavetta Ann Athey. She was born March 24, 1902, and died June 25, 1931. He married (2) Allie Lillian Walker July 03, 1933. She was born July 24, 1901 in Asheville, North Carolina, and died December 30, 1978.

Child of Reaves Badger and Lavetta Athey is:

191 i. Carl William 7 Badger, born February 11, 1925 in Cloverlick, West Virginia. He married (1) Anna M. Tolson in Miami, FL. He married (2) Brenda Idelle (Westbrook) Johnson February 16, 1980 in Atlanta, GA born October 01, 1941.

89. Fred Ray 6 Badger (James Charles 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born March 25, 1910 in Crumpler, NC, and died January 09, 1970 in Mountain Home, Tennessee. He married Annie Kestner . She died 1994 in Bristol, VA.

Child of Fred Badger and Annie Kestner is:

192 i. Jr. Fred 7 Badger. He married Nancy.

90. Lilly Irene 6 Badger (James Charles 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born October 29, 1913 in Crumpler, NC. She married George Norvel Brown March 29, 1932 in Miami, Florida. He was born June 06, 1913 in Muskegon, Michigan.

Children of Lilly Badger and George Brown are:

193 i. Robert Norvel 7 Brown, born May 20, 1933 in Queens New York, NY. He married Patricia Ann Rankin July 26, 1953 in Biggsville, Illinois born October 31, 1932 in Biggsville, Illinois.

194 ii. Sandra Ruth Brown, born February 28, 1936 in Chicago, Illinois. She married James Larney November 25, 1961 in Elk Grove Village, Illinois.

91. Beecher William 6 Badger (James Charles 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 14, 1916 in Clinchburg, VA, and died November 17, 1967 in Abingdon, VA. He married Bertha Russ . She died 1992.

Children of Beecher Badger and Bertha Russ are:

195 i. Dixie 7 Badger. She married Kyle Helton.

196 ii. Lily Badger. She married Randy Carver.

197 iii. William Allen Badger, died February 22, 1990. He married Phyllis Owens.

92. Charles Gilmer 6 Badger (James Charles 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born May 27, 1919 in Clinchburg, Virginia, and died April 07, 1975 in Kenosha, Wisconsin. He married Mildred Florence Taylor May 15, 1943 in Chicago, Illinois. She was born March 28, 1924 in Westville, Illinois, and died February 12, 1990 in Kenosha, Wisconsin.

Children of Charles Badger and Mildred Taylor are:

199 i. Gilmer Charles 7 Badger, born April 02, 1945 in Chicago, Illinois. He married (1) Joan Spino in Kenosha, Wisconsin. He married (2) Trish ?.

200 ii. Kathleen S. Badger, born January 24, 1953 in Waukegan, Illinois. She married (1) Gregory Paul Schmitz January 31, 1971 in Waukegan, Illinois born March 12, 1950 in Chicago, Illinois. She married (2) Charles T. Mortensen September 17, 1994 in Highland Park, Illinois born March 31, 1956 in Chicago, Illinois.

201 iii. Nora Jean Badger, born September 25, 1956 in WI. She married Jr. Paul William Moris June 15, 1979 in Kenosha, Wisconsin born August 28, 1958 in Prairie DuChien, Wisconsin.

202 iv. Russell James Badger, born June 18, 1959 in Waukegan, Illinois. He married Valerie Watson.

203 v. Scott Allan Badger, born September 28, 1962 in Waukegan, Illinois died in Waukegan, Illinois.

93. Ruby Jean 6 Badger (James Charles 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born May 14, 1922. She married Sr. William Mitchell Rector May 17, 1941 in Briston, Virginia. He was born February 14, 1922 in Saltville, VA, and died June 04, 1992 in Clinchburg, VA.

Child of Ruby Badger and William Rector is:

204 i. Jr. William Mitchell 7 Rector, born November 03, 1949 in Marion, VA.

94. Raymond Lee 6 Badger (William Wiley 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born December 22, 1911, and died May 29, 1936. He married Mary Duncan .

Child of Raymond Badger and Mary Duncan is:

205 i. Bobby Lee 7 Badger, born May 30, 1936.

95. Ruby Melvina 6 Badger (William Wiley 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 09, 1913. She married Matthus E. Carter . He was born November 20, 1936.

Children of Ruby Badger and Matthus Carter are:

206 i. Carl 7 Carter, born June 03, 1939.

207 ii. Sylvia C. Carter, born February 12, 1942. She married Barker.

208 iii. Norris Carter, born November 30, 1943.

96. Ollie Mae 6 Badger (William Wiley 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born May 14, 1916. She married Joseph H. Powers October 23, 1937 in Independence, PA.

Child of Ollie Badger and Joseph Powers is:

209 i. Caroline Joyce 7 Powers, born March 25, 1939 in Westchester, PA. She married John Fredrick Hillmann in Arlington, VA.

97. James Roy 6 Badger (William Wiley 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 30, 1921 in Ashe County, NC, and died November 20, 1986 in Perryville, MD. He married Jean Wright .

Child of James Badger and Jean Wright is:

98. Ruth 6 Badger (William Wiley 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 04, 1925 in Ashe County, NC. She married Bare .

Children of Ruth Badger and Bare are:

211 i. Elizabeth 7 Badger. She married Doug Rudersdorf.

212 ii. Dean Badger. He married Evelyn Badger.

213 iii. James Badger. He married Debbie Badger.

99. Mary Kathleen 6 Badger (William Wiley 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born January 01, 1929 in Ashe County, NC. She married Lee Hughes May 03, 1954 in Elkton, MD.

Children of Mary Badger and Lee Hughes are:

215 i. Pamela Diane 7 Hughes, born August 17, 1955. She married Andrew Wesley Bell October 27, 1973 in Willowdale, PA.

216 ii. Sandra Lee Hughes, born May 26, 1957 in Westchester, PA. She married Jimmy Roark.

101. Winnie Mae 6 Badger (George Arthur 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born November 26, 1908 in Ashe County, NC. She married Lee Roy Black October 20, 1932 in Independence or Oak Hill, VA. He was born April 15, 1907, and died January 1986 in Crumpler, NC.

Children of Winnie Badger and Lee Black are:

218 ii. Ora Lee Black, born March 24, 1933 in Grassy Creek, Ashe Co., NC. She married William Waddell.

219 iii. Garvey Wayne Black, born November 25, 1934 in Grassy Creek, Ashe Co., NC. He married Barbara Louise Corkadel born in Chester County, PA.

220 iv. Doris Elaine Black, born April 11, 1936 in Grassy Creek, Ashe Co., NC. She married Sydney Bazell.

221 v. Arvel Ray Black, born June 12, 1938 in Lancaster County, PA died April 14, 1989 in Delaware. He married (1) Joan Harrington. He married (2) Gertrude McCullough in Also married Joan Harrington.

222 vi. Verna Ruth Black, born September 13, 1939. She married William Reynolds.

223 vii. Winnie Mae "Babe" Black, born March 29, 1941. She married Earl Atkins.

224 viii. Ronald Rex Black, born June 22, 1943 died November 1997. He married Claire ?.

225 ix. Marvin Maxwell Black, born August 29, 1945. He married Barbara Sinz.

226 x. Jeffery Ross Black, born January 14, 1950 in Lancaster Co., PA.

227 xi. Larry Curtis Black, born June 09, 1951 in On farm, Lancaster Co. PA.

104. Jessie Fay 6 Badger (George Arthur 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 22, 1916, and died May 09, 1990. She married (1) Bascum James Shuping . She married (2) Shuping in 2nd Phil Fenstermacher.

Children of Jessie Badger and Shuping are:

228 i. Evelyn Lucille 7 Shuping, born in Salisbury, NC. She married Sr. Charles Leon Valley.

229 ii. Jimmie Ruth Shuping Hamby, born in Rockwell, NC. She married Robert Glen Hensley.

230 iii. Barbara Sue Shuping, born in Salisbury, NC. She married Gene Ray.

231 iv. Kay Ellen Shuping. She married Paul Lambe.

232 v. Bob Frank Shuping, born in Greensboro, NC. He married Phyllis Little.

233 vi. Colleen Delores Shuping Hamby, born July 30, 1931 in Statesville, NC died January 26, 1996. She married (1) Branson. She married (2) Kenneth Morgan.

105. Jr. George Arthur 6 Badger (George Arthur 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 10, 1922, and died November 18, 1969.

Child of Jr. George Arthur Badger is:

234 i. Lorene (Renie) 7 Updike.

106. Vance Lloyd 6 Badger (George Arthur 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born June 21, 1924 in Chestnut Hill, NC, and died April 16, 1997 in Baltimore, MD. He married Velma Eagle .

Children of Vance Badger and Velma Eagle are:

235 i. Joel 7 Badger. He married Ruby Badger.

109. Tissie Evelene 6 Badger (Cicero Bethel 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born August 07, 1920 in NC. She married Henry Hollis Lemmon December 25, 1945 in Danville, KY. He was born April 07, 1916 in Danville, KY, and died August 26, 1966.

Children of Tissie Badger and Henry Lemmon are:

238 i. Annetta 7 Lemmon, born September 21, 1946 in Danville, KY. She married William Howard Barnett December 26, 1969 born October 16, 1944 in Adair Co., KY.

239 ii. Janetta Lemmon, born September 21, 1946 in Danville, KY died December 10, 1946 in Pellyton, KY.

240 iii. Michael Dennis Lemmon, born August 23, 1948 in Columbia, KY. He married Diana Elizabeth Adams December 22, 1968 in Campbellsville, KY born July 31, 1951 in Campbellsville, KY.

241 iv. Stephen Dale Lemmon, born April 14, 1951 in Campbellsville, KY. He married Sheila Neat.

242 v. Paula Jean Lemmon, born October 13, 1956 in Liberty, KY. She married James Wayne Short July 02, 1977 born December 17, 1957 in Danville, KY.

110. Marvin Dale 6 Badger (Cicero Bethel 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born September 11, 1922 in Case Creek, KY. He married Beatrice Burton April 06, 1946 in Johnson Co., Indiana. She was born October 15, 1928 in Adair Co., KY.

Children of Marvin Badger and Beatrice Burton are:

243 i. Jannette Sue 7 Badger, born January 30, 1947 in Johnson Co., Indiana. She married David Paul Wright May 28, 1966 in Hartsville, TN born March 28, 1944 in Taylor Co., KY.

244 ii. Trudy Ann Badger, born April 20, 1949 in Shelby Co., IN. She married Rolland Heinrich Gernert January 04, 1983 in Springfield, TN born February 19, 1953 in Gosheim, Germany.

245 iii. Peggy June Badger, born January 13, 1951 in Shelby Co., IN. She married Jr. Tex Wheat February 01, 1969 in Jennings Co., IN born November 05, 1946 in Columbia, KY.

246 iv. Ruby Lynn Badger, born May 20, 1952 in Johnson Co., IN. She married (1) Floyd Stephen Douglas in Divorced 17 July 1987 in Brown Co., IN born February 24, 1950 in Decatur Co., IN. She married (2) Earl Lee Pruitt September 03, 1992 in Bartholomew Co., IN born July 23, 1947 in Washington Co., IN.

247 v. Jr. Marvin Dale Badger, born July 26, 1956 in Adair Co., KY. He married (1) Kathleen Amy Johnson June 22, 1974 in Bartholomew Co., IN born July 19, 1956 in Youngstown, OH. He married (2) Brenda Joyce Stewart June 06, 1987 in Brown Co., IN born September 25, 1955.

248 vi. Betty Michele Badger, born September 11, 1970 in Bartholomew Co., IN. She married Alonzo "Ricky" Valenzuela Estrada April 14, 1997 in Louisville, KY born April 11, 1969 in Durango, Mexico.

111. Delmer Lee 6 Badger (Cicero Bethel 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born February 03, 1927 in Adair Co., KY. He married Elzada Burton November 09, 1950 in Scott Co., KY. She was born April 29, 1926 in Adair Co., KY.

Children of Delmer Badger and Elzada Burton are:

249 i. James Stephen 7 Fletcher, born February 08, 1948 in Adair Co., KY. He married Delores Jean Melton May 28, 1982 in Jellico, TN born February 17, 1950.

250 ii. Terry Lee Badger, born January 09, 1953 in Shelby Co., IN. She married (1) Michael Dale Burton August 22, 1970 in Bartholomew Co., IN born September 04, 1949. She married (2) Allen Wayne King August 25, 1990 in Shelby Co., IN born April 29, 1955 in Alabama.

251 iii. Tona Dean Badger, born May 24, 1954 in Adair Co., KY. He married (1) Ann Lois Burton Parke born February 19, 1955 in Bartholomew Co., IN. He married (2) Kathryn Irene Dickson June 21, 1973 in Shelby Co., IN born September 04, 1954 in Grant Co., IN.

252 iv. Thresia Kaye Badger, born January 14, 1957 in Liberty, KY. She married Randall Lee Cox June 05, 1976 in Shelby Co., IN born July 23, 1954 in Marietta, IN died June 04, 1996.

253 v. Cathy Maria Badger, born July 28, 1958 in Danville, KY. She married Steven Donald Shepperd June 28, 1975 in Shelby Co., IN.

112. Robert Bethel 6 Badger (Cicero Bethel 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 25, 1929 in Charlestown, W.VA. He married Anna Jane Marrow July 01, 1950 in Johnson Co., IN. She was born October 20, 1929 in Wayne Co., KY, and died November 21, 1979 in Flat Rock, IN.

Children of Robert Badger and Anna Marrow are:

254 i. Henrietta 7 Badger, born in Bartholomew Co., IN. She married Terry McGaha May 04, 1974 in Bartholomew Co., IN born August 16, 1950 in Bartholomew Co., IN.

255 ii. Judy Gail Badger, born October 28, 1950 in Bartholomew Co., IN. She married (1) Merrill Antheny Snyder born July 16, 1951 died July 02, 1984. She married (2) Patrick Allen Leadbetter July 25, 1981 in Edinburgh, IN born March 05, 1961 in Marion Co., IN.

256 iii. Genevieve Badger, born October 31, 1953 in Johnson Co., IN. She married Charles Douglas Roberts July 29, 1972 in Shelby Co., IN born November 10, 1953 in Shelby Co., IN.

257 iv. David Allen Badger, born February 24, 1962 in Bartholomew Co., IN. He married Sheila Ann Mason 1984.

113. Guy 6 Badger (Grover Preston 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) He married Marty ? .

Children of Guy Badger and Marty ? are:

115. Clyde 6 Badger (Grover Preston 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born February 27, 1917. He married Pauline Simmon .

Children of Clyde Badger and Pauline Simmon are:

260 i. Mildred 7 Badger. She married Malcom Gragg.

261 ii. William Badger. He married Lisa.

262 iii. Hattie Mae Badger. She married Bolick.

265 vi. Martha Badger. She married Kelsey Webb.

116. Pauline 6 Badger (Grover Preston 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born March 23, 1920. She married Herbert Sheets .

Children of Pauline Badger and Herbert Sheets are:

266 i. Carol Jean 7 Sheets.

117. Sally May 6 Badger (Grover Preston 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born July 29, 1923. She married Edward Mayse 1953.

Children of Sally Badger and Edward Mayse are:

270 iii. Peggy Shepherd. She married (1) Shepherd. She married (2) David Byers.

271 iv. Jean Shepherd. She married Bill Graham.

272 v. Tara Mayse. She married Barnes.

273 vi. Leona Mayse, born January 22, 1941. She married Wayne Reeder born May 18, 1940.

118. Thelma 6 Badger (Joseph Cleveland 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) She married Carl Hendrickson .

Child of Thelma Badger and Carl Hendrickson is:

274 i. Roy 7 Hendrickson. He married Shelby Jean Sexton.

129. Howard 6 Badger (Joseph Cleveland 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 )

Child of Howard Badger is:

131. William Emet 6 Badger (Joseph Cleveland 5 , William Emmitt 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born December 30. He married Teresa Maria Badger .

Child of William Badger and Teresa Badger is:

276 i. George 7 Badger. He married Leona Badger.

135. Nora Gionia 6 Badger (Roy Rudolph 5 , John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born December 25, 1918 in Roderfield, W.VA. She married Cook .

Child of Nora Badger and Cook is:

277 i. Linda 7 Cook. She married Billy Dean Church.

137. James Alfred 6 Badger (Roy Rudolph 5 , John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born February 23, 1923 in Jefferson, NC. He married Erma Lois Hart October 12, 1946. She was born January 12, 1927.

Children of James Badger and Erma Hart are:

278 i. Michael 7 Badger, born June 30, 1947.

279 ii. Becky Badger, born December 13, 1950. She married Houck.

280 iii. Lois Badger, born December 14, 1953. She married Miller.

281 iv. Jennifer Badger, born November 30, 1956. She married Holman.

139. William James 6 Badger (Roy Rudolph 5 , John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born December 20, 1929 in Jefferson, NC. He married Martha Marie Burnett in Tucson, AZ. She was born August 07, 1934.

Children of William Badger and Martha Burnett are:

282 i. Jackie 7 Badger. She married Little.

283 ii. Jr. John William Badger, born February 15, 1952.

284 iii. Johanna Badger, born May 27, 1953. She married Bottoms.

285 iv. Jeffrey Thomas Badger, born January 27, 1957.

286 v. Mary Frances Badger, born April 04, 1961.

145. Jr. Guy Tanner 6 Badger (Guy Tanner 5 , John Wesley. 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born March 26, 1923, and died October 02, 1975 in Ashe Co. Hospital, Ashe Co., NC. He married Retha Hurley .

Children of Guy Badger and Retha Hurley are:

288 ii. Shela Badger. She married Beaudry.

289 iii. Sherry Badger. She married Leek.

290 iv. Sharlene Badger. She married Lambert.

293 vii. Richard Allen Badger, born December 02, 1943 in Ashe Co., NC died September 02, 1970. He married Jean Goodman.

150. Millard Gaither 6 McNeil (Daisy Ada 5 Badger, Joseph Eugene 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born October 31, 1901, and died May 1957. He married Beatrice Miller in Also married Verna Hartsoe, Ollie Gilley.

Children of Millard McNeil and Beatrice Miller are:

294 i. Glenna 7 McNeil, born February 22, 1939 died July 17, 1939.

295 ii. Ralph McNeil, born March 08, 1940.

296 iii. Betty Lou McNeil, born June 13, 1942. She married Phil Stanley.

154. Ruth R. 6 Badger (Joseph Parker 5 , Joseph Eugene 4 , William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) was born April 20, 1924. She married Roscoe Richardson May 03, 1941 in Mt. City, Tennessee. He died January 04, 1960.

Children of Ruth Badger and Roscoe Richardson are:

297 i. Donna B. 7 Richardson.

167. Lois 6 Wallace (Gilmer 5 , Mary Elvira 4 Badger, William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 ) She married Robert G. Becker .

Children of Lois Wallace and Robert Becker are:

168. Jr. George Wiley 6 Hawthorne (Donna Isadore 5 Wallace, Mary Elvira 4 Badger, William Haines 3 , William Haines 2 , Joseph 1 )


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My Great Grandfather was James Badger was born in Scotland in 1859. He was the Missionary to Seamen in Falmouth, Cornwall, England between 1886 and his death in 1916. He spent some years in Waterford, Ireland before moving to Falmouth in 1886 which was around the same time that many other men sailed from Ireland to America to do their Missionary work.

The painting “The Missionary Boat” by artist, Henry Scott Tuke R.A. features James Badger sailing out in a small rowing boat to meet a French Barque as it entered Falmouth Harbour. This painting is still stored among other fine works by Henry Tuke in Falmouth, Cornwall and can also be seen on websites about the life and works of Henry Tuke.

It’s every family historian’s dream to hit the jackpot and find something really special about their ancestor especially where no photographs exist!

James Badger was a jolly good fellow it seems and well respected in Falmouth at the time. He was also quite a sailor too and took part in the organisation of rescuing survivors from the wreck of the Mohegan off Falmouth in 1898. Accounts of this event also exist on various websites.


Watch the video: How to sound smart in your TEDx Talk. Will Stephen. TEDxNewYork (August 2022).